Fundamentals of Technical SEO That You Must Know

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Till the time when something else becomes more crucial, technical SEO is the backbone of search engine optimization. Crawl-ability and index-ability are essential for ranking, but beyond that, many factors, including content and links, will have relatively little bearing on a page's position. To help you get off on the right foot and focus your efforts where they will have the most significance, we've pulled together a quick primer.

Essentials of SEO That You Should Be Aware Of

Technical SEO is the process of improving your website so that search engines like Google can more easily discover it, crawl it, understand it, and index its pages. Achieving prominence and promotion are primary goals.

How Challenging Is It To Master Technical SEO? 

Search engine optimization may be challenging for some and not for others so basically it relies on the situation. The fundamentals of SEO are not that difficult to learn, but the technical details might be tough to understand for beginners due to the level of details involved. In this guide, I'll try to simplify everything, making it easier for you to understand how it works.  

Look Over Your Preferred Domain

Your website's domain is the URL people type to arrive at your site, affecting search visibility and providing a consistent way to identify your site. When selecting a preferred domain, you tell search engines whether you prefer the www or non-www version of your site to be displayed in search results. For example, selecting over will prioritize the www version and redirect all users to that URL. 

If you don't merge the two versions into one, search engines will see them as two different websites. Google will now automatically use the user's preferred version in search results.If you prefer to set the preferred domain, canonical tags can be used. Once set, ensure that all variants, including www, non-www, http, and index.html, permanently redirect to that version.

Implementing SSL 

SSL, or Secure Sockets Layer, is crucial for website security as it creates a layer of protection between the web server and browser, making it less likely for user information to be hacked. Google has prioritized secure sites since 2014, making SSL a ranking factor. To ensure your website's security, set the SSL variant of your homepage as your preferred domain.

Once you have SSL installed, you will need to switch any non-SSL pages from http to https. It's an uphill battle, but better search engine results are worth the struggle. The necessary procedures are as follows:

  • Every link to your website at should now go to 
  • Make the necessary changes to the hreflang and canonical tags.
  • Sitemap.xml (found at and robots.txt (found at should be updated to reflect the new URL structure. 
  • To ensure that all of your traffic successfully transfers, you should create a new instance of Google Search Console and Bing Webmaster Tools for your https website and begin tracking it.

Optimize The Speed Of The Page 

When someone visits your website, how long do you think they'll wait for it to completely load? I'd give it six seconds if I were being fair. If a page takes more than five seconds to load, the bounce rate jumps by 90 percent, according to some studies. You can't afford to lose any time, thus working to reduce page load times is important. Quick loading times are not just good for SEO but also for user experience and rate of conversion.

To improve average page load time follow the steps: 

  • Compress all file
  • Audit redirects regularly
  • Trim down code
  • Consider a content distribution network (CDN)
  • Avoid outdated plugins
  • Use custom-made themes, and use cache plugins. 

Compression reduces the size of images, CSS, HTML, and JavaScript files, making them load faster. Regularly audit redirects and trim down code to reduce the time it takes to process a 301 redirect. Minimize unnecessary code and use cache plugins to store a static version of your site for returning users. Use asynchronous (async) loading, where servers process HTML and script simultaneously, reducing delay and increasing page load time. This approach can help identify areas where your website falls short in speed. Once technical SEO fundamentals are in place, move on to crawlability.

Checklist for Crawl-ability

The crawl-ability of your site is the bedrock of your technical SEO campaign. Search engines will crawl your pages to learn more about your website. Without being able to crawl your site, bots can't index or rank it. The first stage in technical SEO is making sure that users can easily reach and browse all of your site's essential pages.

  • Make sure you have a site map in XML format. 
  • Spend as little as possible to achieve the best possible crawl success.
  • Enhance the framework of your site. 
  • Create a URL format for your site. 
  • Please make use of robots.txt. 
  • Improve your site's navigation by include a breadcrumb trail.
  • Include page numbers if necessary. 
  • The SEO logs should be examined.

A Checklist for Index-ability

When search bots crawl your website, they start indexing pages according to the topic they cover and how relevant those pages are to that topic. When your page has been indexed, it becomes eligible to rank on search engine results pages (SERPs). Getting your pages indexed is dependent on a number of different criteria, some of which are listed below: 

  • Remove any barriers that prevent search bots from visiting pages. 
  • Take out any unnecessary repetitions.
  • Conduct a review of your redirects. 
  • Make sure that your website is compatible with mobile devices. 
  • Correct the HTTP errors.

Render-ability Checklist

  1. SEO accessibility is crucial for making web pages accessible to users with disabilities or impairments. Web accessibility focuses on making web pages easy to navigate for users with disabilities. SEO audits do not account for all aspects of online accessibility. Focusing on SEO accessibility, it is essential to keep web accessibility in mind during site development and maintenance. 
  2. An accessible site relies on ease of rendering and should be reviewed for a renderability audit. Server performance, HTTP status, load time, and page size are essential elements to consider for a renderability audit. Server timeouts and errors can cause HTTP errors, which hinder users and bots from accessing your site. 
  3. To resolve these issues, use resources like Screaming Frog, Botify, or DeepCrawl to troubleshoot and resolve them. Load time and page size are also crucial factors to consider. A delay in page load time can result in a server error that blocks bots from accessing your webpages or crawls partially loaded versions missing important sections of content.
  4. To decrease page load time, do everything in your control. JavaScript rendering is a challenge for Google, so it is recommended to use pre-rendered content to improve accessibility. Orphan pages, which lack context for bots, should be linked to at least one other page. 
  5. Page depth refers to the number of layers down a page in your site structure, and it is best to keep your site architecture as shallow as possible while maintaining an intuitive hierarchy. Important pages, like product and contact pages, should be no more than three clicks deep. A poorly planned site structure can lead to less accessibility and a poor experience for users and bots. 
  6. Redirect chains can slow down crawling, reduce page load time, and render your site inaccessible if not set up properly. To ensure accessibility, keep redirects to a minimum. Once you have addressed accessibility issues, focus on how your pages rank in the SERPs.

Rank-ability Checklist 

Moving on to more current topics, such as technical SEO strategies to boost rankings, is likely to be material with which you are already familiar. To get your pages to rank, you'll need to take a technical approach to some of the on-page and off-page features we discussed before. Never forget that when you combine all of these features, you produce a site that is optimized for search engines. It would be irresponsible of us to ignore any of the potential causes. So, let's just go right in.

1. Internal and External Linking

People commonly ask the question that why Is Internal Linking Important For SEO? So the answer to this question is that Links show search bots where a page belongs in a query and how to rank it. Search bots and users utilize links to find similar content and rank pages. Linking boosts crawling, indexing, and ranking. 

When one URL links to another URL on the same site, it is an example of internal linking, while when one URL links to another URL on a different site, it is an example of external linking. Internal links, on the other hand, are those that lead to other pages on the same domain, whereas external links lead to pages on completely different domains.

2. Back-link Quality

Your site gains credibility via backlinks. They tell search bots External Website A knows your page is good and worth crawling. As these votes mount up, search bots consider your site more credible. It sounds amazing, right? Like most amazing things, there's a catch. The quality of those backlinks matters. 

Links from low-quality sites damage rankings. Outreach to relevant media, claiming unlinked mentions, supplying relevant publications, and giving helpful material that other sites wish to link to are all approaches to earn quality backlinks. People also search for the SEO Link Building Techniques as well. 

3. Content Clusters

HubSpot loves content clusters and how they boost organic growth. Search bots can identify, crawl, and index all your topic-specific sites using content clusters. They self-promote your expertise to search engines, making your site a top authority for related queries. Your rankability is the major factor in organic traffic growth because research reveal that searchers click on the first three SERP results. How do you guarantee your result is clicked? The final leg of the organic traffic pyramid is clickability, so let's talk about that now.

Click-ability Checklist

While searcher behavior is the most important factor in click-through rate (CTR), there are steps you can do to increase your click-ability on the search engine results pages (SERPs). Meta descriptions and keyword-rich page titles certainly affect click-through rate, but we'll get into the nuts and bolts of SEO because that's why you're here.

  • Employ data that is structured.
  • Gain access to SERP features.
  • Ensure that you are optimized for featured snippets.
  • Think about using Google Discover.

The Perfect Three

The key to opening the door to organic traffic lies in a synergistic combination of technical SEO, on-page SEO, and off-page SEO. While on-page and off-page strategies are frequently the first to be implemented, technical SEO plays an essential part in propelling your website to the top of search results and putting your content in front of the people most likely to be interested in it. Apply these technical strategies to round out your SEO approach, and then watch the results unfold before your very eyes.

Ramsha Irfan

Ramsha Irfan

Ramsha is a talented writer known for top-quality content on trending topics. Her excellence in research enables her to add value to businesses by driving online traffic with engaging and persuasive content.